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Varicose Veins

Varicose veins are caused by poor circulation in the legs, typically as a result of damage to the valves in the veins. Veins along the inner aspect of the thigh and calf are most commonly affected.

While varicose veins have a wide spectrum of appearance, they have patterns of distribution that will be familiar to Dr. Lorenzo. Varicose veins may be large, firm, blue and tender. Others may be less readily palpable and may have a more greenish appearance when located deeper within the skin. Telangiectasia, more commonly referred to as “spider veins”, may be very fine and range in color from red to blue and even grey.

What Causes my Varicose Veins?

Varicose veins and other vein disorders are common within families. Epidemiologic studies show that patients have a higher likelihood of developing varicose veins if their fathers had varicose veins. If only one parent has varicose veins, women are more likely than men to develop vein problems. The highest risk of varicose vein formation is for the patient with both parents affected by the disease.

Obesity, pregnancy and occupations requiring prolonged standing will increase the pressure presented to the venous system. Additionally, the use of high heeled footwear decreases calf muscle flexion which otherwise serves as an effective pump for emptying the leg of venous blood.
Here are just a Few Self-Treatment Options for Varicose Veins:
  • Try to keep off your feet whenever possible.
  • Whenever possible, sit with your legs elevated. This promotes the blood flow back up your legs.
  • Wear support hose without added “control” around the abdomen or waist. Prescription hosiery is most effective.

Conservative therapy may help reduce the pain and prevent varicose veins from worsening. However, Dr. Lorenzo has many in-office treatment options that can lessen pain and diminish the appearance of varicose veins. Click here to schedule an appointment.

Symptoms of a More Serious Medical Problem
If an area of one leg becomes red and tender, this can be a symptom of thrombophlebitis, or clot formation and inflammation of a superficial vein. If Dr. Lorenzo determines you have this condition, it may be treated with prescription anti-inflammatories or other medications. A sample of blood may be taken to determine if underlying blood disorders exist.
If your calf or leg is painful and swollen, this may be indicative of deep vein thrombosis, a condition that occurs when a blood clot blocks venous flow in the leg. Individuals who take birth control pills or post menopausal hormone therapy or those who are immobilized are particularly in danger of developing this condition. This is a very serious condition and warrants evaluation by a medical professional without delay.



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